OpenVPN: OVPN Embedded Client Profile Template.

Guides written by the community, for the community, and only guides!

OpenVPN: OVPN Embedded Client Profile Template.

Postby dhead666 » Wed Mar 06, 2013 7:52 am

An ovpn file store the configuration for an openvpn connection for both client and server.
It's basically the same as openvpn's example configs "client.conf" and "server.conf" in "/usr/share/openvpn/examples/",
just with ovpn extension instead of conf.

I assume you've followed A basic L3 IP routing configuration at OpenVPN page on the ArchWiki to create your keys and certificates and set your own OpenVPN server.

On the ArchWiki example there're separated files for keys, certificates and config file.
The template bellow is of a client ovpn file which embed all the keys, certificates and config file.
My main reason for using an embedded ovpn is for an Android based client.
On Android I found that the reduced privileges don't work so I commented those out.
I also added "key-direction 1" before the content of ta.key.

I recommend on OpenVPN for Android by Arne Schwabe which display all the connection output on front so the easier to troubleshoot.

Here's my empty client.ovpn example, you'll need to add inside it the keys and certificates files content.
Code: Select all
##############################################
# Sample client-side OpenVPN 2.0 config file #
# for connecting to multi-client server.     #
#                                            #
# This configuration can be used by multiple #
# clients, however each client should have   #
# its own cert and key files.                #
#                                            #
# On Windows, you might want to rename this  #
# file so it has a .ovpn extension           #
##############################################

# Specify that we are a client and that we
# will be pulling certain config file directives
# from the server.
client

# Use the same setting as you are using on
# the server.
# On most systems, the VPN will not function
# unless you partially or fully disable
# the firewall for the TUN/TAP interface.
;dev tap
dev tun

# Windows needs the TAP-Win32 adapter name
# from the Network Connections panel
# if you have more than one.  On XP SP2,
# you may need to disable the firewall
# for the TAP adapter.
;dev-node MyTap

# Are we connecting to a TCP or
# UDP server?  Use the same setting as
# on the server.
;proto tcp
proto udp

# The hostname/IP and port of the server.
# You can have multiple remote entries
# to load balance between the servers.
remote elmer.acmecorp.org 1194
;remote my-server-2 1194

# Choose a random host from the remote
# list for load-balancing.  Otherwise
# try hosts in the order specified.
;remote-random

# Keep trying indefinitely to resolve the
# host name of the OpenVPN server.  Very useful
# on machines which are not permanently connected
# to the internet such as laptops.
resolv-retry infinite

# Most clients don't need to bind to
# a specific local port number.
nobind

# Downgrade privileges after initialization (non-Windows only)
;user nobody
;group nobody

# Try to preserve some state across restarts.
persist-key
persist-tun

# If you are connecting through an
# HTTP proxy to reach the actual OpenVPN
# server, put the proxy server/IP and
# port number here.  See the man page
# if your proxy server requires
# authentication.
;http-proxy-retry # retry on connection failures
;http-proxy [proxy server] [proxy port #]

# Wireless networks often produce a lot
# of duplicate packets.  Set this flag
# to silence duplicate packet warnings.
;mute-replay-warnings

# SSL/TLS parms.
# See the server config file for more
# description.  It's best to use
# a separate .crt/.key file pair
# for each client.  A single ca
# file can be used for all clients.
# add your ca.crt bellow
<ca>
</ca>
# add your client.crt bellow
<cert>
</cert>
# add your client.key bellow
<key>
</key>

# Verify server certificate by checking
# that the certicate has the nsCertType
# field set to "server".  This is an
# important precaution to protect against
# a potential attack discussed here:
#  http://openvpn.net/howto.html#mitm
#
# To use this feature, you will need to generate
# your server certificates with the nsCertType
# field set to "server".  The build-key-server
# script in the easy-rsa folder will do this.
ns-cert-type server

# If a tls-auth key is used on the server
# then every client must also have the key.
;tls-auth ta.key 1
key-direction 1
# add your ta.key bellow
<tls-auth>
</tls-auth>

# Select a cryptographic cipher.
# If the cipher option is used on the server
# then you must also specify it here.
;cipher x

# Enable compression on the VPN link.
# Don't enable this unless it is also
# enabled in the server config file.
comp-lzo

# Set log file verbosity.
verb 3

# Silence repeating messages
;mute 20
Pogoplug Series 4 - Network Storage and Music Server: NFS/TVHeadend
Cubox-i2 - Applications Server: Lighttpd/CherryMusic/HTPCManager/Transmission/Couchpotato/SickBeard/OpenVPN
Samsung Chromebook: Chroach in ChromeOS
dhead666
 
Posts: 116
Joined: Sat Aug 11, 2012 10:25 pm

Return to Community Guides

Who is online

Users browsing this forum: No registered users and 1 guest